Language Use and Vocabulary: Parts of Speech Part One

Parts of Speech are a group of words placed together by their function in a sentence. An individual word can function as more than one kind of parts of speech depending on a sentence.  In the English language there are nine parts of speech: 

  • Noun
  • Pronoun 
  • Verb 
  • Adjective 
  • Adverb 
  • Preposition 
  • Conjunction 
  • Interjection 
  • Article

In this post we will focus on the first five, parts of speech.

Nouns are the words that we can see, hear, taste, smell, or think. They are the people, places, things, and ideas. They can be abstract, concrete, proper, common, singular, plural, possessive, or collective. Find out more about nouns on the following tip sheet from Butte College.

Check out the video, Noun Song from Grammaropolis - "Noun Town":

Pronouns are words in a sentence that replace nouns. Rather than repeating a persons name over and over again in a story, one could use a pronoun: he, she, her, him instead. For example: Lily wrote a book review on Goodreads. This was her first one she has posted. (I am pretty excited about this, she did it without me asking her to when finishing her book! You can read the review here.) Pronouns can be: Personal, Reflexive, IndefiniteRelative
Possessive, and Demonstrative. Find our more about pronouns on this tip sheet from Butte College

Watch the School House Rock's video, Pronoun:

And check out the Pronoun Song from Grammaropolis - "I Got the Blues":

Verbs are the words in a sentence that tell us what nouns are doing or experiencing. A verb tells the reader what the noun is doing. There are three types of verbs: action, helping, and linking. Find out more about verbs on this tip sheet from Butte College.

Take a look at the Verb Song from Grammaropolis - "Lights! Camera!! Action Verb!!!":

And a PowToon video on Action, Linking, and Helping Verbs by Jayme Bevington: 

Adjectives are the words that describe or modify a noun or pronoun. They make our language more colorful and descriptive. They answer the questions: which one, what kind, or how many? Find our more about adjectives on the tip sheet from Butte College.

Watch this fun video from Grammaropolis - "Paint the Way" - Adjective Song:

Adverbs are the words which provide more details and describe verbs, adjectives and even other adverbs.  They often answer questions such as: 'how many?' or 'what kind?' 
You can find out more about Adverbs on this tip sheet from Butte College

Watch the Adverb Song from Grammaropolis - "Do You Qualify?":

Click here for Parts of Speech Part Two where we will focus on the last four parts of speech. 

Parts of Speech Flower PDF

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