Language Use and Vocabulary: Parts of Speech Part Two

Parts of Speech are a group of words placed together by their function in a sentence. An individual word can function as more than one kind of parts of speech depending on a sentence.  In the English language there are nine parts of speech: 

  • Noun
  • Pronoun 
  • Verb 
  • Adjective 
  • Adverb 
  • Preposition 
  • Conjunction 
  • Interjection 
  • Article

In this post we will focus on the last four, parts of speech. For the first five parts of speech, head over to Language Use and Vocabulary: Parts of Speech Part One 

Preposition is a word that describes the relationship between different nouns or pronouns. I remember this best by the relationship between a dog and a rock; the words on, around, over, under, beside, beneath, etc describe the relationship between the dog and the rock. You can find more information about prepositions on the tip sheet from Butte College

Check out the Preposition Song from Grammaropolis - "A Merit Badge Is Just Like a Cat":

Conjunctions are the words that have the function that maintain intersections between different words and phrases, using words such as and, but, or, not, so, yet. You can remember these with the acronym FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). For more information about Conjunctions you can read the tip sheet from Butte College

Watch, my favorite, Schoolhouse Rock: Grammar - Conjunction Junction Music Video:

Interjection are words that intend to demonstrate action or break up the flow of the sentence. I think of the donkey on Winnie the Pooh, Eeyore. He uses a lot of interjections in his sentences. For example: "Well, thanks for noticing me." For more on interjections, read this tip sheet from Butte College. 

Watch this video, from Grammaropolis - "It's How You Feel":

Articles are used before nouns or pronouns. There are both definite article (the) and indefinite articles (a, an).  Find out more about articles on this tip sheet from Butte College.

THE ARTICLES - Learn Basic English Grammar with Quixot Kids:

Parts of Speech Part One and Part Two Review

A part of speech is a group of words categorized by their function in a sentence, and there are nine of these different families.

Nouns - consist of people, places, things, and ideas. They may be either concrete or abstract.
Pronouns - take the place of nouns
Verbs - action words
Adjectives - modify nouns and pronouns
Adverbs - modify verbs, adjectives and adverbs
Prepositions - describing relationships between nouns and pronouns
Conjunctions - connect different words and phrases
Interjections - break the flow of a sentence in order to demonstrate emotion. Given their role, interjections are grammatically unrelated to the rest.
Articles - An article is a kind of adjective which is always used with and gives some information about a noun. There are only three articles a, an, and the; but they are used very often and are important for using English accurately.

Parts of Speech Flower PDF

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